Samstag, 20.07.2019 11:21 Uhr

The latest OECD Economic Survey of Italy

Verantwortlicher Autor: Carlo Marino Rome, 02.04.2019, 09:26 Uhr
Nachricht/Bericht: +++ Wirtschaft und Finanzen +++ Bericht 5793x gelesen

Rome [ENA] The latest Economic Survey of Italy of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OCDE), the intergovernmental economic organization with 36 member countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade, was presented in Rome on the 1st of April. The survey stated that after a "modest" recovery, the Italian economy severely hit by recession and globalization, is suffering

of a progressive weakening in expectations of a recovery. "GDP is projected to contract by 0.2% in 2019 and expand by 0.5% in 2020," the report said. "Expansionary fiscal policy and low growth will push the general government budget deficit to 2.5% of GDP in 2019 from 2.1% in 2018. http://www.oecd.org/economy/surveys/Italy-2019-OECD-economic-survey-reviving-growth.pdf OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría presenting the report in Rome declared "The Italian economy has many strengths. Exports, private consumption, investment flows and a dynamic manufacturing sector have driven growth in recent years while labour market reforms have helped raise the employment rate by three percentage points since 2015".

The 2019 budget rightly aims to help the poor but its growth benefits are likely to be modest, especially in the medium term. The OECD pointed out that the Italian public debt as a share of GDP remains high, at 134%, and is a source of risks, The government had forecast growth of 1% this year and was aiming to keep the deficit-GDP-ratio within 2.04%. Various national and international bodies have downgraded their growth forecasts after Italy slipped into recession in the second half of 2018.

The 2019 budget rightly aims to help the poor but its growth benefits are likely to be modest, especially in the medium term. The OECD pointed out that the Italian public debt as a share of GDP remains high, at 134%, and is a source of risks, The government had forecast growth of 1% this year and was aiming to keep the deficit-GDP-ratio within 2.04%. Various national and international bodies have downgraded their growth forecasts after Italy slipped into recession in the second half of 2018.On 31st march Minister Giovanni Tria who is the political head of the Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF) told that "the most productive part of the Italian economy, manufacturing for exports, is stationary".

The OECD report was critical about the government's flagship measures: the 'citizenship wage' basic income and 'quota 100' pension reform that reduces the retirement age for a certain group of people. "The reduction in the retirement age to 62 years with at least 38 years of contributions will lower growth in the medium run by reducing work among older people and, if not actuarially fair, will worsen intergenerational inequality and raise the public debt," it said. Actually, the new basic income citizenship wage jeopardizes the economy "encouraging informal employment and creating poverty traps" . Italy has to handle important economic and social challenges which, according to OCDE, must be faced through a multi-year reform package.

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