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U.S.-led coalition in Syria and the Kurds

Verantwortlicher Autor: Carlo Marino Rome, 29.02.2016, 12:53 Uhr
Nachricht/Bericht: +++ Politik +++ Bericht 7617x gelesen

Rome [ENA] At least 15 people were killed in Syria on the first day of a cessation-of-hostilities agreement between the Assad regime and opposition forces, a U.K.-based monitoring group has said. In a statement issued Sunday, the Syrian Network for Human Rights (SNHR) said it had documented 14 violations by regime forces on the first day of the deal. Fifteen people were killed, including 13 opposition fighters.

According to the SNHR, regime forces backed by Russian warplanes increased attacks in the northern Aleppo province ahead of the truce, which came into force at midnight Friday local time. It went on to urge the U.S. and Russia, both of which helped broker the agreement, to investigate reported agreement breaches. Syria has remained locked in a vicious civil war since early 2011, when the Assad regime cracked down on pro-democracy protests with unexpected ferocity. According to UN figures released several months ago, more than 250,000 have been killed more than 10 million displaced since the Syrian war began in 2011.

After years of corrosive wars, Syria no longer exists as a nation-state. It has been replaced by disparate entities and precarious arrangements – to the detriment of the Syrian population. The so called Divided States of Syria are in large part the result of the survival strategy of the regime, aided by the futile pursuit of a 'political solution' by the international community. As the tragedy deepens, the recovery of Syria becomes more difficult, and the implications for regional stability increase in gravity. - See more at: http://www.iai.it/it/pubblicazioni/can-world-afford-condone-dividestatessyria#sthash.Kbicm0Jj.dpuf The U.S.-led coalition air forces hit Daesh targets in northern Syria, a U.S. envoy said Saturday.

Coalition air forces responded immediately and with devastating precision to reports of ISIL [Daesh] attacks near Tal Abyad. In the meantime, the Combined Joint Task Force Operation Inherent Resolve also announced that the U.S.-led coalition military forces continued to attack Daesh targets in Syria and Iraq. According to the statement, the coalition conducted eight strikes in Syria and struck targets around Tell Abyad, Hawl, Raqqah and Hasakah cities. The U.S.-Russia agreement aimed at halting the ongoing hostilities in Syria took effect at 00:00 Damascus time Saturday (GMT 22.00 Friday). This agreement excludes Daesh, al-Nusra and other UN-designated terrorist groups.

The U.S. , inter alia, is "very sensitive" to Turkey's concerns regarding the YPG (Yekîneyên Parastina Gel‎, pronounced [jɑkinæjen pɑrɑstinɑ gæl], also known as the People's Defense Units). John Kerry told the U.S. has been talking "considerably" with Turkey regarding the dispute the two countries have about the group in Syria. The YPG is the armed wing of the PKK's Syrian affiliate PYD.Turkey considers all three terrorist groups, but the U.S. names only PKK as a terrorist entity and says the YPG a "reliable partner" fighting Daesh in northern Syria. It is very important that there not be a different problem created by the short-term solution of working with the Kurds, and then that creates a longer-term challenge for all in the region.

Citing the recapture of the city of Kobani in northern Syria by Kurdish forces, Kerry said local ground forces are needed in order to fight Daesh. There are different Kurds because some are more prepared and more comfortable working with Turkey than others are, and those divisions are very complicated and need to be managed carefully. The YPG is currently seizing additional territory outside of Afrin, including areas close to Azaz and the Minnigh Air Base in northern Syria, areas close to the Turkish border. Since Feb. 13, Turkish military has been shelling northern Syria intermittently in retaliation to artillery fire from PYD forces based around Azaz.

Ankara believes that Kurdish autonomy inside Syria could become a major threat to Turkey's territorial integrity, fanning the flames of Kurdish separatism at home and offering the PKK new bases, in addition to those in Iran and northern Iraq, from which to hit Turkish targets. Yet there is obviously much more to the Kurdish issue than the situation in Syria. - See more at: http://www.iai.it/en/pubblicazioni/turkey-syria-and-kurds#sthash.fq8kmdF6.dpuf

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