Donnerstag, 13.08.2020 21:40 Uhr

The problem of the refugees and Italy

Verantwortlicher Autor: Carlo Marino Rome, 09.09.2019, 10:52 Uhr
Nachricht/Bericht: +++ Politik +++ Bericht 6552x gelesen

Rome [ENA] Italy continues to receive the most refugees and migrants of those who arrive in Europe by crossing the Mediterranean Sea using traffickers usually linked with mafias. While some reception centers for refugees offer adequate housing, infrastructure, and medical care, some others are overfull and have very poor sanitation and maintenance. Lacking sufficient support from other European Union member states, Italy

is bearing most of the responsibility for their welfare and is overwhelmed. This incongruous situation led to the Ministry of the Interior a Chief who was something of a cop-impersonating character fighting against refugees in Italy and generating only a lot of social media haters without solving the problems. The second government of Giuseppe Conte is allegedly committed to change the terms of the Dublin Treaty. The large-scale, uncontrolled arrival of migrants and asylum seekers has put a strain not only on many Member States’ asylum systems, but also on the Common European Asylum System as a whole. The volume and concentration of arrivals has uncovered especially the weaknesses of the Dublin Treaty System,

which establishes the Member State responsible for examining an asylum application based primarily on the first point of irregular entry. The problem of the world's refugees and internally displaced is among the most thorny issues before the world community today. Much discussion is taking place at the United Nations as it continues to search for more effective ways to shelter and aid these mostly vulnerable groups. The question is both multidimensional and global and any approach or solution would therefore have to be wide-ranging and to address all aspects of the issue, from the causes of mass exodus to responses essential to cover the range of refugee situations from emergencies to repatriation.

Since its creation, the United Nations has worked to protect refugees around the world. In 1951, the year in which the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) was founded, there were an estimated 1million refugees within UNHCR's mandate. Today that number has grown to a guesstimated 17.5 million refugees, an additional 2.5 million refugees cared for by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) and more than 25 million internally displaced persons. The European Parliament , on the other hand, has an complex set of tools to outline European Union policy discussion and make its presence felt on human rights, democracy and the rule of law.

This also makes the European Parliament an exceptional actor in parliamentary diplomacy. The European Parliament working with the Committee on Foreign Affairs is heavily engaged in casting a critical light on human rights violations worldwide and shaping the agenda for EU policy. Under Rule 135 Parliament adopts up to three resolutions on breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law at each of its plenary sessions. These so-called “urgency resolutions” offer Parliament a coherent and efficient tool to face international events and crisis situations and to keep political attention focused on human rights worries. In the context of the increasing human rights crises faced by migrants and refugees across the globe,

the European Parliament sought to develop a humane, coherent and comprehensive strategy for protecting migrant and refugee rights. As a loyal supporter of the UN Global compacts on both Migration and Refugees, the European Parliament has taken a leading role in addressing these urgent human rights issues. The European Union emphasized the necessity for the EU and its Member States to lead by example in supporting and protecting the human rights of migrants in order to maintain credibility when discussing migration and human rights in non-EU countries.

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